Original Articles

THE ERGONOMIC INTERVENTION ON PREPARING THE OFFERINGS FOR PRANAWA CREMATION CEREMONY IMPROVES THE WORKER’S EFFICIENCY AT DENPASAR CITY

Made Sri Putri Purnamawati , Alex Pangkahila, I Dewa Putu Sutjana, Ketut Tirtayasa

Made Sri Putri Purnamawati
The Postgraduate School, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali.. Email: msppurnamawati@gmail.com

Alex Pangkahila
Department of Physiology, Medical School of Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali

I Dewa Putu Sutjana
Department of Physiology, Medical School of Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali

Ketut Tirtayasa
Department of Physiology, Medical School of Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali
Online First: January 16, 2015 | Cite this Article
Purnamawati, M., Pangkahila, A., Sutjana, I., Tirtayasa, K. 2015. THE ERGONOMIC INTERVENTION ON PREPARING THE OFFERINGS FOR PRANAWA CREMATION CEREMONY IMPROVES THE WORKER’S EFFICIENCY AT DENPASAR CITY. Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science 9(1). DOI:10.15562/ijbs.v9i1.12


Pitra yadnya is the the ceremonies as a holy sacrifice performed by Hindu followers as a manifestation of devotion to parents who have died. So everyone who believe on Hinduism, especially, in Bali will perform cremation ceremonies which called ngaben. In this ceremony required some form of offerings and it is quite a lot. During process of making the offerings involved many people. In the process of making cremation offerings involving physical and mental activity, in an integrated manner can cause fatigue. that fatigue usually occurs at the end of working hours caused by various factors, such as monotony, static muscle work, tools and working facilities that do not fit the worker’s anthropometry, work station that is not ergonomically sound, forced attitude and work-break timing is not right , and muscle complaints; therefore, it is needed ergonomic intervention.There are four issues: 1) Is ergonomic intervention while preparing the offerings for ngaben pranawa improves the efficiency of the worker seen from the decrease of fatigue? 2 ) Is ergonomic intervention while preparing the offerings for ngaben pranawa improves the efficiency of worker seen from the decrease in musculoskeletal complaints? 3) Is ergonomic intervention while preparing the offerings for ngaben pranawa improves efficiency of worker seen from the decrease in the workload? 4) Is ergonomic intervention while preparing the offerings for ngaben pranawa improves efficiency of worker seen from productivity? A study with the same subject design was carried out on 18 person adult female Balinese. In the first period of study the subject preparing the offerings with the existing working condition, while in the second period an ergonomic intervention was introduced, using tables and working chairs, and guidance book in preparing the same offerings. Based on the results of research and discussion, the following conclusions can be drawn. 1) Ergonomics intervention in the process of making offerings for ngaben pranawa improved work efficiency seen from the decreased in fatigue, that is equal to 36.24% (p <0.005). 2) Decrease musculoskeletal complaints, amounting to 37.98% (p <0.005). 3) Decreased the workload. that is equal to 13.22% (p <0.005), and 4) Increased work efficiency viewed from the offering makers productivity, namely by 78% (p <0.005). Ergonomic interventions proven to reduce fatigue, musculoskeletal complaints decreased workload, and can increased work productivity. Therefore, it is advisable to apply the ergonomic intervention at the cremation offerings and another religious ceremonies. Benefit of ergonomics intervention in this study was the participation and collaboration, a commitment from all parties, and the interaction between the participant of making offerings, and ergonomics intervention can improve efficiency in the process of making offerings for cremate ceremony
in Denpasar city.

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