Original Articles

Cause of death interrelation in homicide and persecution criminal act with dead victims which autopsied in forensics installation sanglah central hospital in 2010-2015

Putu Dharma Maha Yusa , Dudut Rustyadi

Putu Dharma Maha Yusa
Faculty of Medicine Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia. Email: yusa123@yahoo.com

Dudut Rustyadi
Forensic Medical Instalation Sanglah Hospital, Bali, Indonesia
Online First: January 15, 2017 | Cite this Article
Yusa, P., Rustyadi, D. 2017. Cause of death interrelation in homicide and persecution criminal act with dead victims which autopsied in forensics installation sanglah central hospital in 2010-2015. Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science 11(1): 8-10. DOI:10.15562/ijbs.v11i1.128


Background: Legal case, determining cause of death is a requirement either to prove the victim death by natural cause or unnatural cause. In determining the cause of death is usually started by seeking information about the scene, the state of the corpse when it was found, information from witnesses, and other information. Recognizing the risk factors characteristic of cases of death due to criminal acts can assist stakeholders in making decisions and policies associated with crime. Objective: This study aimed to examine Cause of death interrelation in homicide and persecution criminal act with dead victims. Methods: The research was conducted with a descriptive cross-sectional design using data based on letter of request by police and visum et repertum archive in Forensic Installation Sanglah Central Hospital from 2010 to 2015. Results: Among 70 samples obtained there are 49 male cases (70%) and 21 female cases (30%) with the largest age group is early adulthood as many as 23 cases (32.9%). Injury patterns obtained 33 cases (47.1%) sharp violent death, 33 cases (47.1%) blunt violence, violent firearms 2 cases (2.9%), 1 burns case (1.4%) and 1 case of other cause (1.4%). The most injured region that caused death is head region with 28 cases (40%) and the leading mechanism of death according to the autopsy report is bleeding by 55 cases (78.6%). Other death by cardiovascular system is by 31 cases (44,3%), then death by blunt force by 23 cases (32,9%), death by gunfire is 1 case (1,4%) and by stroke is 1 case (1,4%). Cause of death because of respiratory system failure and because of central nervous system failure respectively by 7 cases (10%). Conclusion: The most frequent demographic characteristic of murder and persecution cases that autopsied in Sanglah Central Hospital in 2010-2015 are male and age characteristic of adult (17-25 years). Whereas the most frequent type of violence is blunt violence. As for the most frequent mechanism of death is cardiovascular failure.

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