Original Articles

Comparing the effects of brain exercise to listening to mozart in improving short term memory

Nila Wahyuni , Krisna Dinata, Vidiari Indira Juhanna, Satria Hendra Nugraha

Nila Wahyuni
Lecturer in Physiotherapy Study Program, Medicine Faculty, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Email: wahyuninila08@gmail.com

Krisna Dinata
Lecturer in Physiotherapy Study Program, Medicine Faculty, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Vidiari Indira Juhanna
Lecturer in Physiotherapy Study Program, Medicine Faculty, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Satria Hendra Nugraha
Lecturer in Physiology Department of The Medical Education Study Program, Medicine Faculty, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Online First: July 02, 2017 | Cite this Article
Wahyuni, N., Dinata, K., Juhanna, V., Nugraha, S. 2017. Comparing the effects of brain exercise to listening to mozart in improving short term memory. Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science 11(2): 20-24. DOI:10.15562/ijbs.v11i2.143


Background: Doing a brain exercise or listening to Mozart are believed to improve short term memory. We examined whether these methods may differently improve the cognitive function. Methods: We conducted an experiment with pre-test and post-test involving two groups of 24 subjects each. The first group had a brain exercise and the second group listened to Mozart. Both groups had the treatment for four weeks, four times a week. The pre-test and post-test were a digit span test. The test scores were compared within the group and between the two groups. Result: The results indicated brain exercise and listening to Mozart improving the short term memory (p<0.05). However, the improvement was not significantly different between the two methods (p>0.05). Conclusion: One method showed no superiority against another in improving short term memory.

References

Kurniasih, R. 2010. The cognitive abilities of students viewed from the media learning and the intensity of student learning in the middle of the accounting subject of financial accounting education program FKIP UMS academic year 2009/2010. Surakarta: Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Muhamadiyah University. Essay.

Kusumoputro, S., Sidirto, L.D., Munir, R. et al. 2003. Longevity tips with motion and brain exercise. Jakarta: UI Press.

Wibowo, A.R. 2102. The influence of brain exercise on the level of creativity plays the saddies of TPA Istiqomah Karanggayam Sleman. Yogyakarta State University. Essay.

Putranto, P.L. 2009. The Influence of Brain Exercise on Short-Term Memory of Children from Family Low Economic Status. University of Diponegoro Semarang. Thesis.

Laurence, V. 2015. Influence of Classical Music of Mozart Violin Sonata No. 18 IN G, KV 301, to Short-Term Memory in Adult Women. Bandung: Medical Faculty of Maranatha University

Temple dan Richardson. 2006. In long term memory problem in children and adolescent. Dehn, M.J.2010. Canada. John Wiley and Son, Inc. pp.8-9.

Blakemore, S. J., & Choudhury, S. (2006). Development of the adolescent brain: Implications for executive function and social cognition. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47(3/4), 296-312. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2006. 01611.x.

Steinberg, L. 2011. Demystifying the adolescent brain. Educational Leadership, 68(7), 42-46.

Jausˇovec, N., Jausˇovec, K., Gerlic. I. 2006. The influence of Mozart’s music on brain activity in the process of learning. Elsevier Science Ltd. Clinical Neurophysiology 117 (2006) 2703–14.

Verrusio, W., Ettorre, E., Vicenzini, E., Vanacore, N., Cacciafesta, M., Mecarelli, O. 2015. The Mozart Effect: A quantitative EEG study. Elsevier Science Ltd: Consciousness and Cognition 35, 150–155.

Rauscher, Frances H., Gordon L. Shaw, and Katherine N. Ky. 1993. “Music and spatial task performance.” Nature 365 (14 October 1993), 611.

Jausovec, N., & Habe, K. (2003). The ‘‘Mozart effect’’: An electroencephalographic analysis employing the methods of induced event-related desynchronization/synchronization and event-related coherence. Brain Topography, 16(2), 73–84.

Fukui, H., Toyoshima, K. 2008. Music facilitates the neurogenesis, regeneration and repair of neurons. Elsevier: Medical Hypotheses (2008) 71, 765–769.

Melcangi RC, Mensah-Nyagan AG. Neurosteroids: measurement and pathophysiologic relevance. Neurochem Int 2008; 52:503–5.

Jaffe AB, Toran-Allerand CD, Greengard P, Gandy SE. Estrogen regulates metabolism of Alzheimer amyloid beta precursor protein. J Biol Chem 1994;269(18): 13065–8.

Hannaford, C. 1995. Smart Move-Why Learning is Not All In Your Head. Virginia: Great Ocean Publishers, Inc. pp 22207-3746. (ISBN 0-915556-27-8).

Kulak, W., Subaniac, W. 2004. Molecular mechanism of brain plasticity: neurophysiologic and neuroimaging studies in the developing patients. Anales Academiae Medicae Bialostocensis. pp 227-36.

Trudeau, F., Shephard, R.J. 2008. Physical education, school physical activity, school sports and academic performance. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 5(10).

Rosenbaum, D.A., Carlson, R.A., Gilmore, R.O. 2001. Acquisition of intellectual and perceptual-motor skills. Annual Review of Psychology. 52:453–470.

Vaynman, S., Ying, Z., Pinilla, F.G. 2004. Hippocampal BDNF mediates the efficacy of exercise on synaptic plasticity and cognition. European Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 20, pp. 2580-90.

Lom, B., Cohen-Cory, S. 1999. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor differentially regulates retinal ganglion cell dendritic and axonal arborization in vivo. J. Neurosci., 19,9928-38.

Seil, F.J., Drake-Baumann, R. 2000. TrkB receptor ligands promote activity-dependent inhibitory synaptogenesis. J Neurosci, 20, 5367-73.

Gomez-Pinilla, F., So, V., Kesslak, J.P. 2001. Spatial learning induces neurotrophin receptor and synapsin I in the hippocampus. Brain res., 904, 13-9.

Finkbeiner, S. 2000. CREB couples neurotrophin signals to survival messages. Neuron, 25, 11-4.

van Praag, H., Schinder, A.F., Christie, B.R., Toni, N., Palmer, T.D., Gage, F.H., 2002. Functional neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus. Nature 415 (6875), 1030e1034.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 80
PDF Downloads : 30