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Recent updates of sperm cryopreservation technique: a literature review

Aucky Hinting , Agustinus Agustinus

Aucky Hinting
Andrologist, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Ferina-Center for Reproductive Medicine, Surabaya, Indonesia. Email: a9u5tin27@gmail.com

Agustinus Agustinus
Andrologist, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Ferina-Center for Reproductive Medicine, Surabaya, Indonesia
Online First: November 02, 2020 | Cite this Article
Hinting, A., Agustinus, A. 2020. Recent updates of sperm cryopreservation technique: a literature review. Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science 14(2): 92-98. DOI:10.15562/ijbs.v14i2.230


Background: Nowadays, the decline in male fertility is a significant concern due to the mechanical, systems disturbances, genetic, diet, lifestyle, and environment. Currently, no strategies for medical protection of the germinal epithelium are available. Sperm cryopreservation technique has been established to overcome those issues. Accordingly, this study aims to informed the recent updates of sperm cryopreservation technique from kinds of literature. 

Methods: A review of relevant literature was performed to elaborate the recent updates in the sperm cryopreservation technique. A total of 45 qualified published literature of all years until 2019 were collected from several electronic database and manual search and included in this review.

Results: According to the literature, the first record of sperm cryopreservation was made by Lazzaro Spallanzani in 1776. He used to snow during winter and observed that the motility of human spermatozoa could be preserved after freezing and thawing. Sperm cryopreservation programs provide temporarily or permanently infertile men an opportunity to seek paternity. Sperm cryopreservation is the most effective and the most strongly recommended option for fertility preservation prior to any treatment or occupational gonadotoxic exposures. Sperm cryopreservation should be discussed and offered prior to therapy for malignant diseases. Freezing sperm before the initiation of treatment provides patients with future fertility potential.

Conclusion: Sperm cryopreservation could be offered to the patient before the vasectomy procedure in order to prevent reversal vasectomy or surgical sperm retrieval in the future.

 

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