Original Articles

The relationship between body height and weight toward blood hemoglobin level in the teen athletes

I Made Yoga Parwata , I Gede Arya Sena, I Made Astika Yasa

I Made Yoga Parwata
Program Study of Physiotherapy, Universitas Dhyana Pura (UNDHIRA), Bali, Indonesia. Email: yogaparwata@undhirabali.ac.id

I Gede Arya Sena
Program Study of Physiotherapy, Universitas Dhyana Pura (UNDHIRA), Bali, Indonesia

I Made Astika Yasa
Program Study of Physiotherapy, Universitas Dhyana Pura (UNDHIRA), Bali, Indonesia
Online First: December 21, 2020 | Cite this Article
Parwata, I., Sena, I., Yasa, I. 2020. The relationship between body height and weight toward blood hemoglobin level in the teen athletes. Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science 15(1): 25-27. DOI:10.15562/ijbs.v15i1.265


Background: Performance sports are carried out with high intensity and require excellent physical preparedness. This study aims to determine the relationship between height, weight, and athlete's blood hemoglobin level.

Methods: This research was an analytic observational type with a cross-sectional study design among 49 male and female athletes enrolled with the total sampling technique. Data were analyzed with a descriptive test, and normality test, and multiple correlations. A significance value of p ≤ 0.05 and research data was analyzed using software SPSS version 20 for Windows.

Results: Most respondents in both genders were normal in BMI (85.72%). However, anemia status tends to be higher in males (23.33%) than females (10.52%). The multiple correlation tests showed a moderate level of correlation with a value of r=0.408. The significance analysis of the value of p=0.015 indicatesthat there is a significant correlation between Height, Weight, and Blood Hemoglobin (Hb) level (p<0.05).

Conclusion: There is a significant moderate positive correlation between height and weight to blood hemoglobin level.

1.     Eime RM, Harvey JT, Charity MJ, Casey MM, van Uffelen JG, Payne WR. The contribution of sport participation to overall health enhancing physical activity levels in Australia: a population-based study. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:806.

2.     Holecek V, Liska J, Racek J, Rokyta R. The significance of free radicals and antioxidants due to the load induced by sport activity. Cesk Fysiol. 2004;53(2):76-79.

3.     Patterson CM, Levin BE. Role of exercise in the central regulation of energy homeostasis and in the prevention of obesity. Neuroendocrinology. 2008;87(2):65-70.

4.     Stanula A, Roczniok R, Gabryś T, Szmatlan-Gabryś U, Maszczyk A, Pietraszewski P. Relations between BMI, body mass and height, and sports competence among participants of the 2010 Winter Olympic Games: does sport metabolic demand differentiate?. Percept Mot Skills. 2013;117(3):837-854.

5.     Maughan R. The athlete's diet: nutritional goals and dietary strategies. Proc Nutr Soc. 2002;61(1):87-96.

6.     Barnes HV. Physical growth and development during puberty. Med Clin North Am. 1975;59(6):1305-1317.

7.     Utkualp N, Ercan I. Anthropometric Measurements Usage in Medical Sciences. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:404261.

8.     Goodrich JA, Ryan BJ, Byrnes WC. The Influence of Oxygen Saturation on the Relationship Between Hemoglobin Mass and VO 2 max. Sports Med Int Open. 2018;2(4):E98-E104.

9.     Smith DW. The molecular biology of mammalian hemoglobin synthesis. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 1980;10(2):116-122.

10.  Soliman AT, Sanctis VD, Kalra S. Anemia and Growth. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2014;18(Suppl 1):S1-S5.

11.  Prommer N, Wachsmuth N, Thieme I, Wachsmuth C, Mancera-Soto EM, Hohmann A, et al. Influence of Endurance Training During Childhood on Total Hemoglobin Mass. Front Physiol. 2018;9:251.

12.  Bell SG. An introduction to hemoglobin physiology. Neonatal Netw. 1999;18(2):9-15.

13.  Namita, Ranjan DP. A Cross-Sectional Study of Association Between Hemoglobin   Level and Body Mass Index Among Adolescent Age Group. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019;9(8):746-750.

14.  Syah MNH, Asna AF. Resiko Gangguan Makandan Kejadian Anemia pada Mahasiswa Putri Program Studi S1 Gizi STIKES Mitra Keluarga. Jurnal Gizi dan Kesehatan. 2018;2(1):1-6.

15.  Acharya S, Patnaik M, Mishra SP, Panigrahi AK. Correlation of Hemoglobin Versus Body Mass Index and Body Fat in young Adult Female Medical Students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018;8(10):1371-1373.

References

Eime RM, Harvey JT, Charity MJ, Casey MM, van Uffelen JG, Payne WR. The contribution of sport participation to overall health enhancing physical activity levels in Australia: a population-based study. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:806.

Holecek V, Liska J, Racek J, Rokyta R. The significance of free radicals and antioxidants due to the load induced by sport activity. Cesk Fysiol. 2004;53(2):76-79.

Patterson CM, Levin BE. Role of exercise in the central regulation of energy homeostasis and in the prevention of obesity. Neuroendocrinology. 2008;87(2):65-70.

Stanula A, Roczniok R, Gabryś T, Szmatlan-Gabryś U, Maszczyk A, Pietraszewski P. Relations between BMI, body mass and height, and sports competence among participants of the 2010 Winter Olympic Games: does sport metabolic demand differentiate?. Percept Mot Skills. 2013;117(3):837-854.

Maughan R. The athlete's diet: nutritional goals and dietary strategies. Proc Nutr Soc. 2002;61(1):87-96.

Barnes HV. Physical growth and development during puberty. Med Clin North Am. 1975;59(6):1305-1317.

Utkualp N, Ercan I. Anthropometric Measurements Usage in Medical Sciences. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:404261.

Goodrich JA, Ryan BJ, Byrnes WC. The Influence of Oxygen Saturation on the Relationship Between Hemoglobin Mass and VO 2 max. Sports Med Int Open. 2018;2(4):E98-E104.

Smith DW. The molecular biology of mammalian hemoglobin synthesis. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 1980;10(2):116-122.

Soliman AT, Sanctis VD, Kalra S. Anemia and Growth. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2014;18(Suppl 1):S1-S5.

Prommer N, Wachsmuth N, Thieme I, Wachsmuth C, Mancera-Soto EM, Hohmann A, et al. Influence of Endurance Training During Childhood on Total Hemoglobin Mass. Front Physiol. 2018;9:251.

Bell SG. An introduction to hemoglobin physiology. Neonatal Netw. 1999;18(2):9-15.

Namita, Ranjan DP. A Cross-Sectional Study of Association Between Hemoglobin Level and Body Mass Index Among Adolescent Age Group. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2019;9(8):746-750.

Syah MNH, Asna AF. Resiko Gangguan Makandan Kejadian Anemia pada Mahasiswa Putri Program Studi S1 Gizi STIKES Mitra Keluarga. Jurnal Gizi dan Kesehatan. 2018;2(1):1-6.

Acharya S, Patnaik M, Mishra SP, Panigrahi AK. Correlation of Hemoglobin Versus Body Mass Index and Body Fat in young Adult Female Medical Students. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018;8(10):1371-1373.


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