Original Articles

The relationship between nutritional status with length of stay in 1-5 years old children with diarrhea at Wangaya General Hospital Denpasar

Susan Natalia Budihardjo , I Wayan Bikin Suryawan, Anak Agung Made Sucipta

Susan Natalia Budihardjo
Department of Child Health Wangaya General Hospital, Bali-Indonesia. Email: susan_natalia_ljc@ymail.com

I Wayan Bikin Suryawan
Department of Child Health Wangaya General Hospital, Bali-Indonesia

Anak Agung Made Sucipta
Department of Child Health Wangaya General Hospital, Bali-Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Budihardjo, S., Suryawan, I., Sucipta, A. 2020. The relationship between nutritional status with length of stay in 1-5 years old children with diarrhea at Wangaya General Hospital Denpasar. Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science 14(2): 113-117. DOI:10.15562/ijbs.v14i2.274


Background: Diarrhea is still the second-largest cause of children under-five's mortality worldwide. Six million children die every year due to diarrhea and it mostly occurs in developing countries. The main cause of diarrhea deaths is due to malnutrition. In malnutrition there is an increase in the severity of diarrheal diseases, this makes malnutrition and diarrhea a vicious circle.

Objective: To investigate the relation between nutritional status and length of stay under-five children with diarrhea

Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2018 to January 2019 using the consecutive sampling methods. The subjects were children aged 1-5 years old hospitalized for diarrhea at Wangaya Hospital Denpasar that fulfills the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The characteristics of the subject such as gender, children's age, birth weight, exclusive breastfeeding status, immunization status, degree of dehydration, mother’s employment, and economic factor.

Result: A total of 42 patients were the subjects of the study. Of 10 subjects with wasted nutritional status, 7 (70%) subjects had long stays (> 4 days), and 3 (30%) others with a short length of stay (≤4 days). Most subjects aged 12-24 months were 52.4%. Most of the subjects were male (57.1%). The results of the analysis showed that nutritional status significantly affected the length of stay of diarrhea in children under five (p-value 0.001; PR 5.6; 95% CI 2.05-9.26).

Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between nutritional status with the length of stay in children under five.

References

WHO. Diarrhoeal disease. World Health Organization. 2017. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/diarrhoeal-disease (diakses pada 10 Januari 2019)

Kementrian Kesehatan RI. Buletin Jendela Data dan Informasi Kesehatan. Situasi Diare di Indonesia. Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan RI. 2011.

Kemetrian Kesehatan RI. Data dan Informasi Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2017. Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan RI. 2018.

Kementrian Kesehatan RI. Data dan Informasi Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2016. Jakarta: Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementrian Kesehatan RI. 2017.

Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Bali. Profil Kesehatan Provinsi Bali Tahun 2015. Bali: Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Bali. 2016.

Soewito M. Hubungan Status Gizi dengan Lama Rawat Inap Pasien Anak Balita Diare Akut. Universitas Katolik Widya Mandala Surabaya [artikel penelitian]. 2017

Kementrian Kesehatan RI. Riset Kesehatan Dasar. Jakarta: Balitbang Kemenkes RI. 2013.

Gupta A, Sarker G, Rout AJ, Mondal T, Pal R. Risk Correlates of Diarrhea in Children Under 5 Years of Age in Slums of Bankura, West Bengal. JGID. 2015;7(1):23-9.

Brown KH. Diarrhea and Malnutrition. J Nutr. 2003;133(1):328S-332S.

Suharyono. Diare Akut. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. 2008.

Amin MR, Hartoyo E, Marisa D. Hubungan Status Gizi dengan Lama Hari Rawat Inap Pasien Anak Diare Akut. Berkala Kedokteran. 2016;12(2):143-152.

Palupi, Astya. Hubungan Status Gizi dengan Lama Diare Anak dengan Diare Akut di Ruang Rawat Inap RSUP DR. Sardjito Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada [artikel penelitian]. 2007.

Misbah. Perbedaan Anatara Status Gizi dengan Lama Rawatan Diare Akut Pada Balita di Ruang Rawat Inap Anak Rumah Sakit Dr. Zainoel Abidin Banda Aceh. Banda Aceh: Univesitas Syiah Kuala [artikel penelitian]. 2012.

Saputri CS. Hubungan Status Gizi dengan Lama Rawat Inap Pasien Diare Anak Usia 1-5 Tahun di RSUD Undata Palu Periode Januari-Desember 2015. Palu: Universitas Tadulako [artikel penelitian]. 2017.

Iskandar WJ, Sukardi W, Soenarto Y. Risk of Nutritional Status on Diarrhea Among Under Five Children. Paediatrica Indonesiana. 2015;55:235-8.

Primayani D. Status Gizi pada Pasien Diare Akut di Ruang Rawat Inap Anak RSUD SoE, Kabupaten Timor Tengah Selatan, NTT. Sari Pediatri. 2009;11(2):90-3.

Sukardi, Yusran S, Tina L. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Diare pada Balita Umur 6-59 Bulan di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Poasia Tahun 2016. Kendari: Universitas Haluo Oleo [artikel penelitian]. 2016.

Kurniawati S, Martini S. Status Gizi dan Status Imunisasi Campak Berhubungan dengan Diare Akut. Jurnal Wiyata. 2016;3:126-32.

Goldman RD, Friedman JN, Parkin PC. Validation of the Clinical Dehydration Scale for Children with Acute Gastroenteritis. Pediatrics. 2008;122(3): 545-9. Supriasa IDN. Pendidikan dan Konsultasi Gizi. Jakarta: EGC. 2012.


No Supplementary Material available for this article.
Article Views      : 0
PDF Downloads : 0