Case Reports

Conjunctival Kaposi’s sarcoma in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) patient: a case report

Ni Made Laksmi Utari , Elbetty Simanjutak, Putu Yuliawati, Anak Agung Ayu Sukartini Djelantik, I Made Agus Kusumadjaja, I Made Susila Utama

Ni Made Laksmi Utari
Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia. Email: laksmiutari.md@gmail.com

Elbetty Simanjutak
Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia

Putu Yuliawati
Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia

Anak Agung Ayu Sukartini Djelantik
Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia

I Made Agus Kusumadjaja
Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia

I Made Susila Utama
Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Sanglah General Hospital, Bali, Indonesia
Online First: December 01, 2020 | Cite this Article
Utari, N., Simanjutak, E., Yuliawati, P., Djelantik, A., Kusumadjaja, I., Utama, I. 2020. Conjunctival Kaposi’s sarcoma in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) patient: a case report. Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science 14(2): 128-130. DOI:10.15562/ijbs.v14i2.277


Background: Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) is malignant neoplasm of the vascular endothelium, caused by Human Herpes Virus 8 (HHV 8). Clinical variants consist of classic KS, iatrogenic KS, and AIDS KS. The manifestation of KS in the eye may occur in the eyelids, the lacrimal sac or gland, the orbit and bulbar or palpebral conjunctiva. This case study aims to demonstrate the incidental finding of conjunctival Kaposi sarcoma (KS) leading to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) diagnosis.

Case Presentation: A 34-years old male patient presented with a three-month history of progressively growing reddish mass in bulbar conjunctiva of the left eye. A mass with notable aggressive tumor characteristics heightened the suspicion for KS and comprehensive assessments were done accordingly. The patient was found to suffer from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS. Multistep approach treatment was commenced to treat AIDS-related KS and prevent recurrence in this case.

Conclusion: Patients with undiagnosed HIV infection would benefit from early diagnosis initiated by AIDS-defining illnesses such as KS. Given early identification and comprehensive management, KS abridged the time to diagnosis of HIV infection.

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