Original Articles

The effectiveness of Triamcinolone Acetonide (TA) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels in preventing intraperitoneal adhesion

Yan Senjaya , Reno Rudiman, Bambang Am Am Setya Sulthana

Yan Senjaya
Department of Surgery, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. Email: fx_yan_senjaya@yahoo.com

Reno Rudiman
Department of Surgery, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia

Bambang Am Am Setya Sulthana
Department of Surgery, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
Online First: August 24, 2021 | Cite this Article
Senjaya, Y., Rudiman, R., Sulthana, B. 2021. The effectiveness of Triamcinolone Acetonide (TA) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels in preventing intraperitoneal adhesion. Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science 15(2): 109-112. DOI:10.15562/ijbs.v15i2.329


Background: Intraperitoneal adhesions are formed due to the inflammatory response in releasing proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-6. Triamcinolone Acetonide (TA) acts as an anti-inflammatory by inhibiting the production and release of IL-6 cytokines. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of triamcinolone acetonide in preventing intraperitoneal adhesions and its effect on assessing IL-6 levels in post-exploratory laparotomy in rats.

Methods: An experimental study was conducted among 40 male Wistar rats from January and March 2021 in the Animal Laboratory of Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia. Blood samples were taken before treatment and on the 14th day after treatment. In rats, laparotomy and cecum abrasion were performed with a needle. Rats in the treatment group were given triamcinolone acetonide at a dose of 0.1 mg, 0.3 mg, or 0.5 mg. On the 14th day, a microscopic examination of the degree of adhesion was performed. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20 for Windows.

Results: The results of the Kruskal-Wallis test analysis on the formation of intraperitoneal adhesions microscopically showed a significant difference between the control group and the treatment group (p < 0.001) with the lowest mean rank in the TA group of 0.3 mg (11.4), which stated that this dose was more effective in preventing intraperitoneal adhesions. The One-Way ANOVA test on IL-6 examination had a significant difference in postoperative IL-6 reduction between the control and treatment groups (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Triamcinolone acetonide was effective in preventing intraperitoneal adhesions and reducing IL-6 levels in post-exploratory laparotomy rats.

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