Background: Soil-transmitted helminths are widespread and grow well in countries with tropical and subtropical climates. It is one of the predispositions to anemia for pregnant women during pregnancy. This condition has long-term adverse effects on mothers and their children, causing the need for serious discussion and treatment.
Methods: This systematic review uses pre-existing research by collecting data from valid sources such as Pubmed, Google Scholar, and NCBI, using the inclusion and exclusion criteria that have been determined.
Results: Based on the vast amount of research that has previously been conducted, it was found that there is a close relationship involving the soil-transmitted helminth infection and various types of worms infecting pregnant women, which causes anemia. Pregnant women need nutrients and increased blood volume during pregnancy. However, the infection interferes with the absorption of micronutrients in the gastrointestinal tract, resulting in impaired nutrient transport between the woman and her unborn child.
Conclusion: Soil-transmitted helminth infection is a predisposing factor for anemia in pregnant women and has long-term adverse effects for both mother and child.