Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Risk factors for decreased hand grip strength in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at the Tabanan Public Health Center II

Abstract

Introduction: The condition of decreased muscle mass and function in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DMT2) will lead to a significant effect on the decline in quality of life. A commonly found manifestation of sarcopenia is the presence of a decrease in the strength of the hand grip. Other research showed a significant inverse relationship between the strength of the hand grip and DMT2. But to date, there are still few studies that assess the factors that cause a decrease in the strength of the hand grip in DMT2 patients. This study aims to evaluate risk factors that are related to the strength of the decrease in the strength of the hand grip in patients with DMT2.

Methods: Cross-sectional analytical research. The data was taken through interviews, physical examinations and data collection of laboratory examination results at the general polyclinic of the Tabanan Public Health Center II. The bivariate test used chi-square and the multivariate analysis with logistic regression was used in assessing the magnitude of influence between variables that have a meaningful relationship with HGS and looking for the magnitude of the adjusted odd ratio (AOR) value. 

Results: The study discovered a strong correlation between age (p=0.002), body mass index (p=0.002), and fasting blood sugar levels (p=0.001) and hand grip strength. In the multivariate analysis, it was found that the relationship of age more than 50 years to the decrease in hand grip strength was greater than high fasting blood sugar levels, while no significant relationship was found on excess nutritional status in this multivariate analysis (p=0.44).

Conclusion: Age, body mass index, and fasting blood sugar levels are the risk factors for decreased hand grip strength in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

Section

References

  1. Jang BN, Nari F, Kim S, Park E-C.Prediabetes among South Korean adults. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(10).
  2. Li D, Guo G, Xia L, Yang X, Zhang B, Liu F, Ma J, Hu Z, Li Y, Li W, Jiang J, Gaisano H, Shan G and He Y. Relative Handgrip Strength Is Inversely Associated with Metabolic Profile and Metabolic Disease in the General Population in China. Front. Physiol.2018;9(59).
  3. Lee MR, Jung SM, Bang H, Kim HS, Kim YB. Association between muscle strength and type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults in Korea: Data from the Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHANES) VI. Med (United States). 2018;97(23).
  4. Umam FJ, Setiati S. Association between type II diabetes mellitus and hand grip strength in the elderly. J Phys Conf Ser. 2018;1073(4).
  5. Boonpor J, Parra-Soto S, Petermann-Rocha F, Ferrari G, Welsh P, Pell JP, et al. Associations between grip strength and incident type 2 diabetes: Findings from the UK Biobank prospective cohort study. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2021;9(1):1–11.
  6. Kalyani RR, Kim C, Ferrucci L, Laughlin GA, Kritz-Silverstein D, Kong S, et al. Sex differences in the association of fasting and postchallenge glucose levels with grip strength among older adults: the Rancho Bernardo Study. BMJ open diabetes Res care. 2015;3(1):e000086.
  7. Liang X, Jiang CQ, Zhang W Sen, Zhu F, Jin YL, Cheng KK, et al. Glycaemia and hand grip strength in aging people: Guangzhou biobank cohort study. BMC Geriatr. 2020;20(1):1–10.
  8. Hirata Y, Nomura K, Senga Y, Okada Y, Kobayashi K, Okamoto S, et al. Hyperglycemia induces skeletal muscle atrophy via a WWP1/KLF15 axis. JCI insight. 2019;4(4):1–12.

How to Cite

Darmawan, I. P. G. P., Paramitha, A. A. P. ., & Ida Bagus Indra Wibawa Putrawan. (2022). Risk factors for decreased hand grip strength in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at the Tabanan Public Health Center II. Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science, 16(2), 82–85. https://doi.org/10.15562/ijbs.v16i2.405

HTML
42

Total
38

Share

Search Panel

I Putu Gede Putra Darmawan
Google Scholar
Pubmed
IJBS Journal


Ayu Agung Pradnya Paramitha
Google Scholar
Pubmed
IJBS Journal


Ida Bagus Indra Wibawa Putrawan
Google Scholar
Pubmed
IJBS Journal