Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Analysis of liquid waste in weaving home industry at Nusa Penida, Klungkung, Bali, Indonesia

  • Cokorda Dewi Widhya Hana Sundari ,
  • Ida Ayu Made Sri Arjani ,
  • Luh Ade Wilan Krisna ,

Abstract

Introduction: The existence of regulations using clothing made from traditional Balinese fabrics cloth called “endek” has caused the demand for woven fabrics to increase. One of the traditional woven fabric handicrafts starting to be recognized and favored by the public is the Cepuk and Rangrang woven fabric from island of Nusa Penida. Currently, liquid waste from weaving home industry activities has not been processed.  The purpose of the study was to measure the quality of liquid waste from the weaving home industry and compare it with the quality standards of liquid waste for businesses and or textile industry activities.

Method: This study was descriptive, conducted in Nusa Penida District, Klungkung Regency. The sample size was 25, taken by purposive sampling from nine craftsmen actively carrying out the production process with repetition three times. Measurement of liquid waste quality was carried out at the Laboratory of Panureksa Denpasar. The parameters examined are mandatory test parameters including physical parameters (temperature, TDS, TSS and color) and chemical parameters (total chromium, total ammonia, BOD5, COD, sulfide, oil and fat). Data analysis was carried out by comparing the measurement results with the Liquid Waste Quality Standards for Textile Industry Businesses and Activities according to Bali Governor Regulation 16 of 2016.

Result: The results showed an average temperature of 27.48o C, TDS levels of 6,095.20 mg/L, TSS 1,090.76 mg/L and color 2,216.56 TCU scale.  The chemical parameters showed average levels of total chromium 2.3912 mg/L, total ammonia 1.6068 mg/L, BOD5 675.84 mg/L, COD 1,286.72 mg/L, Sulfide 0.2395 mg/L, oil and fat 1,340 mg/L. Based on Bali Governor Regulation No. 16 of 2016, the parameters of temperature, total ammonia, Sulfide, Oil and Fat meet the quality standard requirements. While the parameters of TDS, TSS, color, total chrome, BOD and COD do not meet the quality standard requirements because it exceed the maximum allowable levels.

Conclusion:  It is recommended that weaving craftsmen carry out liquid waste treatment before disposal in the environment.

Section

References

  1. Ramiayu DD. Challenges to the Development of Indonesia's Textile and Apparel Industry Regulatory Challenges Related to Digital Workers to Improve Quality and Absorption of Expenditure Review of Order Function and Editorial Board Challenges to the Development of the Textile Industry and Challenges. Center for Budget Studies of the Expertise Agency of the DPR RI Secretariat General; 2022.
  2. Hadiwidodo M, Huboyo HS. Reduction of Color, Cod and Tss of Textile Industry Liquid Waste Using Dielectric Barrier Discharge Technology with Variations in Voltage and Oxygen Flow Rate. Journal of Precipitation. 2009;6(2):16-22.
  3. Suprihatin, H. Organic Content of Liquid Waste in the Batik Jetis Industry in Sidoarjo and its Alternative Processing. Riau University Environmental Research Center; 2009:130-138.
  4. Bali Province. Appendix II Bali Governor Regulation Number: 16 Year 2016 Date: March 14, 2016. 35-37.
  5. Prasetyo CP, Kusuma OPU. Measurement of Pollutant Content in Liquid Waste of the Ikat Weaving Industry in Bandar Kidul Village, Kediri City. National Seminar; 2020.
  6. Enrico P. The Impact of Textile Industry Liquid Waste on the Environment and the Application of Eco Printing Techniques as an Effort to Reduce Waste. Moda.2018;1(1):5-13.
  7. Ilyas NI, Nugraha WD, Sumiyati S. Reduction of TDS levels in tofu waste with biofilm technology using gravel biofilter media from the eruption of Mount Merapi in random form. Lin Engineering Journal. 2013;2(3):1-10.
  8. Bagus AS, Atmaja NB, Deseliane S. Utilization of Kappa-Carrageenan from Red Seaweed (Eucheuma cottonii) as Solidification Material and Stabilization of Chromium Heavy Metal in Textile Waste. PIMIMD. 2017;1(1):9–16.
  9. Triyanta T, Maharani NE. Effectiveness of Em-4 (Effective Microorganism-4) in Reducing NH3 (Ammonia) and TSS (Total Suspended Solid) of BBKPM Surakarta Liquid Waste. Journal of Periodic Public Health Sciences. 2019;1(1):1-9.
  10. Royani S, Fitriana AS, Enarga ABP, Bagaskara HZ. Assessment of Cod and Bod in water in the environment of Kaliori waste disposal site (Tpa) in Banyumas Regency. Journal of Environmental Science & Technology. 2021;13(1):40-49.
  11. Atima W. Bod and Cod as water pollution parameters and wastewater quality standards. Biosel: Biology Science and Education. 2015;4(1):83-88.
  12. Harahap MR, Amanda LD, Matondang AH. Analysis of Cod (Chemical Oxygen Demand) and Tss (Total Suspended Solid) Levels in Liquid Waste Using Uv-Vis Spectrophotometer. Amina. 2020;2(2):79-83.
  13. Setiani L, Hanifah T A., & Anita, S. Analysis of Ammonia, Sulfide, and Chromium Content in Sail River and Air Hitam River Pekanbaru. JOM Fmipa. 2015;2(2):1-9.

How to Cite

Sundari, C. D. W. H., Arjani, I. A. M. S. ., & Krisna, L. A. W. (2022). Analysis of liquid waste in weaving home industry at Nusa Penida, Klungkung, Bali, Indonesia. Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science, 16(2), 106–110. https://doi.org/10.15562/ijbs.v16i2.429

HTML
42

Total
38

Share

Search Panel

Cokorda Dewi Widhya Hana Sundari
Google Scholar
Pubmed
IJBS Journal


Ida Ayu Made Sri Arjani
Google Scholar
Pubmed
IJBS Journal


Luh Ade Wilan Krisna
Google Scholar
Pubmed
IJBS Journal