Introduction: Abdominal mass is one of the common pediatric tumors that can manifest as abdominal pain or a distended abdomen, and it requires immediate management. Some of them can often be incidentally discovered by parents, during routine pediatric examination in an outpatient clinic, or detected on imaging multimodalities. This study is aimed to evaluate the prevalence of pediatric abdominal mass and to demonstrate tumor characteristics by radiology imaging findings in Prof. I G. N. G. Ngoerah Hospital Denpasar.
Methods: We conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional study of patients with abdominal masses
discovered by Abdominal CT scan in the Radiology Department of Prof. I G. N. G. Ngoerah Hospital from January 2018 to December 2020. Medical record review and data analysis were done retrospectively.
Results: We identified 143 pediatric patients diagnosed with abdominal masses discovered by a CT scan in the Radiology Department of Prof. I G. N. G. Ngoerah Hospital from January 2018 to December 2020. Female patients were found more than male patients (77 vs. 66 patients). Out of all patients, the majority of age were 1 to 9 years old (65 patients, 45%), while the second were 10 to 18 years old (52 patients, 35%), and the rest were one month – 11 months (17 patients, 12%) and <1 month (5 patients, 4%) respectively. The average age was 7.44 years old.
Conclusion: The abdominal imaging and histopathological findings help evaluate abdominal mass in children. An accurate diagnosis is essential for proper management.