Background: Stem cells are a key element in regenerative medicine for their ability to differentiate into various cell phenotypes. According to the literature review, one process that might improve the functionality of ADSCs is hypoxic culture conditions. Hypoxic oxygen culture conditions at 5% concentration are said to increase stem cell proliferation and viability after transplantation.
Methods: A comprehensive literature search was conducted by the author to obtain relevant studies from the PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, PreMEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Cochrane databases for the last twenty years (January 2002 – July 2022). The author used a search strategy with the following keywords: Adipose-Derived Stem Cells, hypoxic culture, normoxic culture, or pre-conditioned stem cells.
Discussion: Hypoxic culture preconditioning of ADSCs with an oxygen concentration of 5% can improve proliferation capabilities and stem cell viability post-transplantation. Hypoxic preconditioning will enhance the expression of HIF-1