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Effect of Sargassum polycystum on Expression of Tyrosinase and Production of Melanin

  • Kusuma Sri Whisnu Puteri ,
  • I Wayan Juli Sumadi ,

Abstract

Introduction: Melanogenesis, the process responsible for producing melanin pigment, hinges on the activation of the amino acid L-tyrosine by the pivotal enzyme tyrosinase. In cases of hyperpigmentation induced by ultraviolet radiation, there's a surge in both tyrosinase enzyme levels and melanin production. Sargassum polycystum is currently under active investigation for its potential in this regard. This review aims to delve deeper into the properties of Sargassum polycystum and its impact on tyrosinase expression and melanin production.

 Literature Review: Sargassum polycystum, a brown seaweed commonly found in coastal regions with abundant coral reefs, harbors active compounds like flavonoids, fucoidan, fucoxanthin, and phloroglucinol. Fucoidan, an extract from brown seaweed, exhibits promising anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Recent studies have revealed its ability to impede the melanogenesis process. Specifically, it was observed that fucoidan from brown seaweed extract could dampen α-MSH stimulation while enhancing the activation of the ERK-MAPK pathway, thereby acting as a negative regulator for melanogenesis. Fucoxanthin, another component, showcases antioxidant capabilities. Furthermore, phloroglucinol, found in Sargassum polycystum, exerts tyrosinase inhibitory effects by chelating copper within the enzyme. Flavonoids like catechin, hesperidin, kaempferol, and baicalein in Sargassum polycystum demonstrate inhibitory effects on melanogenesis activation pathways, including suppression of the Erk1/2 pathway, MiTF, and direct inhibition of tyrosinase. Consequently, this leads to reduced tyrosinase expression and melanin production, ultimately attenuating the melanogenesis process.

 Conclusion: Sargassum polycystum emerges as a promising candidate for combating hyperpigmentation induced by exposure to ultraviolet B radiation.

Section

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How to Cite

Puteri, K. S. W., & Sumadi, I. W. J. (2024). Effect of Sargassum polycystum on Expression of Tyrosinase and Production of Melanin. Indonesia Journal of Biomedical Science, 18(1), 55–60. https://doi.org/10.15562/ijbs.v18i1.511

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Kusuma Sri Whisnu Puteri
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I Wayan Juli Sumadi
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